Labour Law

Solicitor ex Judis is having markets’ excellent Labour laws experts in fact Wikipedia, the Internet encyclopedia defines Labour law as “Labour Law is the body of laws, administrative rulings, and precedents which address the relationship between and among employers, employees, and labor organizations, often dealing with issues of public law”. The terms Labour Laws and Employment Laws, are often interchanged in the usage. This has led to a big confusion as to their meanings. Labour Laws are different from employment laws which deal only with employment contracts and issues regarding employment and workplace discrimination and other private law issues.

Employment Laws cover broader area than labour laws in the sense that employment laws cover all the areas of employer/employee relationship except the negotiation process covered by labour law and collective bargaining.

Labour Laws harmonize many angles of the relationship between trade unions, employers and employees. In some countries (like Canada), employment laws related to unionised workplaces are different from those relating to particular individuals. In most countries however, no such distinction is made.

The final goal of labour law is to bring both the employer and the employee on the same level, thereby mitigating the differences between the two ever-warring groups.

We are having team of experts for following but not limited to-; 45 legislations on Labour laws from the Central Government and the number of legislations enacted by the State Governments is close to four times that of the Central Acts.

Labour Laws can be classified into the following eight categories:

  1. Laws related to Industrial Relations
  2. Laws related to Wages
  3. Laws related to Specific Industries
  4. Laws related to Equality and Empowerment of Women
  5. Laws related to Deprived and Disadvantaged Sections of the Society
  6. Laws related to Social Security
  7. Laws related to Employment & Training
  8. Others

Laws related to Industrial Relations
1          The Trade Unions Act, 1926
2          The Industrial Employment (Standing Orders) Act, 1946
            The Industrial Employment (Standing Orders) Rules, 1946
3          The Industrial Disputes Act, 1947

Laws related to Wages
1          The Payment of Wages Act, 1936
            The Payment of Wages Rules, 1937
2          The Minimum Wages Act, 1948
            The Minimum Wages (Central) Rules, 1950
3          The Working Journalist (Fixation of Rates of Wages) Act, 1958
            Working Journalist (Conditions of service) and Miscellaneous Provisions Rules, 1957
4          The Payment of Bonus Act, 1965
            The Payment of Bonus Rules, 1975

Laws related to Specific Industries
1          The Factories Act, 1948
2          The Dock Workers (Regulation of Employment) Act, 1948
3          The Plantation Labour Act, 1951
4          The Mines Act, 1952
5          The Working Journalists and other Newspaper Employees’ (Conditions of Service and        Misc. Provisions) Act, 1955
The Working Journalists and other Newspaper Employees’ (Conditions of Service and Misc. Provisions) Rules, 1957
6          The Merchant Shipping Act, 1958
7          The Motor Transport Workers Act, 1961
8          The Beedi & Cigar Workers (Conditions of Employment) Act, 1966
9          The Contract Labour (Regulation & Abolition) Act, 1970
10        The Sales Promotion Employees (Conditions of Service) Act, 1976
The Sales Promotion Employees (Conditions of Service) Rules, 1976
11        The Inter-State Migrant Workmen (Regulation of Employment and Conditions of Service)   Act, 1979
12        The Shops and Establishments Act
13        The Cinema Workers and Cinema Theatre Workers (Regulation of Employment) Act, 1981
The Cinema Workers and Cinema Theatre Workers (Regulation of Employment) Rules, 1984
The Cine Workers’ Welfare Fund Act, 1981. 
14        The Dock Workers (Safety, Health & Welfare) Act, 1986
15        The Building & Other Construction Workers (Regulation of Employment & Conditions of    Service) Act, 1996
16        The Dock Workers (Regulation of Employment) (inapplicability to Major Ports) Act, 1997
17        The Mica Mines Labour Welfare Fund Act, 1946
18        The Limestone & Dolomite Mines Labour Welfare Fund Act, 1972
19        The Beedi Workers Welfare Fund Act, 1976
20        The Beedi Workers Welfare Cess Act, 1976
21        The Iron Ore Mines, Manganese Ore Mines & Chrome Ore Mines Labour Welfare Fund       Act, 1976
22        The Iron Ore Mines, Manganese Ore Mines & Chrome Ore Mines Labour Welfare Cess        Act, 1976
23        The Cine Workers Welfare Fund Act, 1981
24        The Cine Workers Welfare Cess Act, 1981
25        The Employment of Manual Scavengers and Construction of Dry latrines Prohibition Act,   1993
26        The Coal Mines (Conservation and Development) Act, 1974

Laws related to Equality and Empowerment of Women
1          The Maternity Benefit Act, 1961
2          The Equal Remuneration Act, 1976

Laws related to Deprived and Disadvantaged Sections of the Society
1          The Bonded Labour System (Abolition) Act, 1976
2          The Child Labour (Prohibition & Regulation) Act, 1986

Laws related to Social Security
1          The Workmen’s Compensation Act, 1923
2          The Employees’ State Insurance Act, 1948
3          The Employees’ Provident Fund & Miscellaneous Provisions Act, 1952
4          The Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972

Laws related to Employment & Training
1          The Employment Exchanges (Compulsory Notification of Vacancies) Act, 1959
The Employment Exchanges (Compulsory Notification of Vacancies) Rules, 1959
2          The Apprentices Act, 1961

Others

1          The Fatal Accidents Act, 1855
2          The War Injuries Ordinance Act, 1943
3          The Weekly Holiday Act, 1942
4          The National and Festival Holidays Act
5          The War Injuries (Compensation Insurance) Act, 1943
6          The Personal Injuries (Emergency) Provisions Act, 1962
7          The Personal Injuries (Compensation Insurance) Act, 1963
8          The Labour Laws (Exemption from Furnishing Returns and Maintaining Register by Certain Establishments) Act, 1988
` 9          The Public Liability Insurance Act, 1991